Evergreen Trees and Shrubs for Sale

Conifers, also known as landscape trees, evergreen trees and evergreen shrubs play both the backbone and lead character roles in our Maine Coast Garden. Landscape evergreens add year round interest, color and texture to any yard plantings.

Use Landscape Evergreen Trees and Shrubs in your yard for year round color and interest. Unlike annuals and perennials, the landscape evergreens, also know as conifers, evergreen shrubs or evergreen trees, retain their foliage or needles year round. Rhododendrons and some Azaleas are considered to be evergreen shrubs also because they retain their leaves during the winter.
Landscape evergreen trees and evergreen shrubs require very little care after they are established. As with all plants extra care and attention to watering evergreen trees and shrubs in the first year of planting is essential. Evergreen trees live for mulch. Well aged bark, peat moss and or pine straw are excellent mulches for all conifers.

Maine evergreen trees that produce large decorative cones:

Pine cones are most well known. White Pine produces the long cylindrical cones that often will have a "sugar" coating on them. The "sugar" is tree sap somewhat hardened. Austrian Pine cones are large but more compact than white pine and very solid. Their shape is more triangular with a wide base. Muhgo and Red Pine have cones similar in look to the Austrian but theirs will be about half the size and weight.
White and Black Spruce have small but still usable size cones. The real prize cones are found on the large Colorado spruces. Spruce cones are more papery feeling than Pine and lighter in color. They are similar in shape to white pine but more round at the tip and wider at the base.
Evergreen cones will close up when wet. Allowed to dry most will reopen fully.
Here, in Blue Hill, Maine many Rhododendrons and some Azaleas are considered tender evergreen shrubs also because they retain some of their foliage over winter. But our focus is on the hardy evergreen trees and evergreen shrubs that are so at home in the cold north.

Dwarf and miniature landscape evergreens are an excellent choice for home landscaping projects. Very little trimming is needed for miniature or dwarf evergreens. They fit into today's more compact yards easily and they can be combined in their own endless mix of color and texture. There are enough cultivars available now that person could have a bed of all dwarf blue conifers or all gold. Dwarf conifers are the ideal choice to use in a bed that will be seen from inside your home. They are also ideal to use as foundation plantings if acquired at a large enough size to be seen. While the dwarf evergreens start out very small and slow they won't usually overgrow their allotted space.

Unlike annuals or perennials, landscape evergreens will be there for you year round. Once established evergreen trees and shrubs need little maintenance. They provide shade that inhibits the growth of weeds. In spring the colorful new growth on evergreen trees and evergreen shrubs is a delight. Often a lighter shade of color the new growth lends a bi-tone effect to plants. As new growth hardens off the shrubs become one solid color again. Except for those that are actually bi-tones like the Snowtip Cedar. In Summer and Fall the dark green conifers are a lush backdrop for bright colored annuals and perennials. And what would winter be without a dusting of snow shown off on a rich green backdrop of evergreen shapes?

In our garden we have also used evergreen trees as hedges to outline the space, block the wind and road noises and provide privacy. One of the pleasant side effects of these evergreen hedges has been an increase in small song bird population in the garden.

Evergreen trees and evergreen shrubs as hedge stock.

Thuya Arborvitaes make a great Evergreen hedge that will block the wind, give shade and house the birds.
Conifer hedges can be used also to hide undesirable views, create a dark green backdrop to show off a flower garden, define a space, soften the look of a solid fence or wall, lessen noise and or increase privacy.image- conifer hedge autumn
Layering evergreen trees in hedge rows will give even more noise and privacy protection. Use taller evergreen trees in the back row. Mid sized evergreens in the center and dwarf and intermediate growing evergreen shrubs in the front. A formal look hedge can be achieved by using cedar or hemlock conifers and yearly trimmings to keep the growth tight and neat. Autumn colors of deciduous shrubs stand out when placed in front of a trimmed conifer hedge.

Old wood or bark landscape mulch works great around landscape evergreens, evergreen trees and evergreen shrubs.
A thick mulch of three to four inches is best. Landscape mulch holds moisture protecting the soil from excessive drying and is an added layer in the effort to suppress weeds. Landscape evergreens stand out against a background of a natural color bark mulch.

The growth and shape of evergreen trees and evergreen shrubs can be manipulated with pruning. There are many cultivars of evergreen conifer shrubs that can be pruned into round, square, oval or any other shape desired.

      Having a garden of landscape evergreens gives you something to look at in the winter. While deciduous plants lose their foliage to winters cold the conifer evergreen trees and shrubs are still 'all there'.

Download our free PDF EvergreenOpedia.
Photos and descriptions of Evergreens displayed in our zone 5 New England Garden.

image - winter conifersThe color of evergreen tree foliage may change slightly during the course of fall and winter. many cedars get very dark while others cultivars lighten up. Example the conifer Thuya Arborvitae ' Techney ' turns so dark green it's almost black in winter. Thuya ' Nigra ' actually gets lighter in winter taking on greenish yellow hue. The always fascinating Mother Lode Juniper normally bright gold turns bronze with a pinkish purple golden glow. When the ground thaws and the evergreens begin to take up water again their colors turn vibrant. image - conifer new growth New spring growth on the conifer evergreen trees and evergreen shrubs can be quite interesting. The picture at left shows the new growth on a Montgomry blue spruce. The new growth on conifers is very soft and supple. A favorite, Picea abies balsami nana a dwarf evergreen fir is naturally always dark dark green, it's new spring growth is butter yellow. It is such a striking combination that one thinks for a moment the plant is flowering.


Tall and narrow evergreen trees

like Pyramidal Arborvitaes and Hetz Junipers add height and drama to the landscape. Use these next to a tall, two or more stories, building. In the yard and garden use them as a dramatic accent when you want a sweeping up toward the sky effect. They can also be effective in screening utility poles from view.

Large evergreen trees

like Native Spruce, Hemlock, Pine and Fir are best kept at a slight distance from buildings. Pruning such evergreen trees while still young will cause them to become chubbier and thicker growing. Use them to block unsightly views, as windbreaks, large hedges and noise blockers. Large evergreen trees create an atmosphere of calm. Having a group of evergreen trees in the yard is like having a group of friends always there waiting for your return.

Broad growing evergreen trees

such as Techney and Nigra Arborvitaes, mid size Junipers, Muhgo Pines and Capitata Yews are quite versatile. They can all be used as specimen plants alone or in groupings. They make fine hedge stock. All can be used as foundation plantings around fairly large buildings. Any except the Muhgo Pine would be a good choice to hide service meters or screen from view any number of distracting views.

Dwarf and Intermediate evergreen shrubs

are excellent used as foundation plantings. Most of the dwarf and Intermediate evergreens are compact and dense growing. They fit well as accents in perennial gardens. Dwarf Alberta Spruce, Emerald Green Arborvitae and Holmstrup Arborvitae are often used in this way. There are several very compact growing Arborvitae and Chamacyparis that can be used as tiny specimen and hedges in and around the perennial garden.
Hetz and Little Giant Cedar grow two and three feet tall. Their natural round shape and size adds a touch of whimsy to to flower and evergreen shrub gardens.

A Conifer is a plant that produces a cone to protect it's seed. Most but not all Conifers are Evergreen. Evergreen means that the plant retains it's foliage through winter.

Maine Evergreen Tree Natives

    Evergreen conifers native to Maine:
  • Pinus {Pine}
  • Picea {Spruce}
  • Tsuga {Hemlock}
  • Thuya {Cedar}
  • Abies {Fir}.

All of these evergreen trees are very large growing, In height sixty feet plus. Spruce, Pine and Fir grow quickly. A foot or more a year. Hemlock is a little slower and Cedar the slowest among this conifer evergreen tree group.

Some evergreen trees aren't green at all ! Like the 'Colorado Blue Spruce' which is blue !

Landscape evergreen gardens require very little maintenance time when compared to Annuals, Perennials, or even a fruit or vegetable garden. Most notably evergreen trees and evergreen shrubs are planted once and they never need dividing. In most cases trimming is minimal if needed at all.

Mulching garden beds saves water ! Mulch more weed less. If a good mulch is used weeding is also minimal.Several inches of wood mulch will go a long way in keeping the weeds at bay in your landscape. It will also retain much needed water and shade the plants roots.

    Conifer Forms
  • Globose:Round
  • Pendulous: Upright or Mounding with weeping branches
  • Narrow Upright: Much taller than broad. Includes Columnar & Pyramidals.
  • Broad Upright: All other Uprights.
  • Prostrate: No Upright leaders. Prostate plants grow laying down.
  • Spreading: Wider than Tall.
  • Irregular: Erratic growth, no formal shape.
  • Culturally Altered:
    High Grafts, Standard Forms and plants pruned or trimmed into artsy shapes.

Dwarf Conifers are ideally suited for today's home landscape projects. Dwarf landscape evergreens will stay small and with just a little pruning hold their shape for many years. A plant that does not lose it's leaves or needles in the winter is a huge asset to the landscape. Using all deciduous {deciduous plants lose their leaves in winter} trees and shrubs will leave your landscape looking like just a bunch of sticks in the winter. Foundation plantings around the house itself have substance that is always there when landscape evergreens have been used.

    Growth proportions of Evergreen Trees:
  • Miniature plants grow less than 3" a year.
  • Dwarf plants grow 3-6" a year.
  • Intermediate shrubs 6-12"
  • Large fast growing Evergreens can grow 12" or more in a season.

Pruning Evergreen Trees and Shrubs

How to prune conifer evergreen trees and shrubs is important but WHEN to prune them may be even more so. The cycle of an evergreen tree is; dormant in winter, new growth in spring, sets next years buds in late spring and summer, hardens off in the fall. Spruce, Fir and Pine should only be trimmed in Spring when active new growth is in progress. You will trim off approximately half of the new growth before it is fully leafed out. These evergreen trees begin to set next years buds before this years are fully leafed out. Waiting any longer in the season to trim will mean cutting off next years the new growth the result will be unattractive very noticeable stumps in full view instead of the soft natural look of new growth. Arborvitae can be trimmed with care most any time of the year, since it puts on new growth all during warm weather. When sheared Arborvitae will show some browning where it has been cut. This is minimized by pruning early so new growth will quickly overtake the slight browning. Individual conifer specimens can be pruned carefully with hand snips and those will not show browning. Most Yews should be pruned after they are finished with the new growth for the season. Summer and fall trimming is fine for these evergreen trees.

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